Common Conditions of the Foot and Ankle

There are a number of foot and ankle ailments that can affect any one individual. Most can be treated with conservative measures, some, however, would benefit from surgical management.

Drs. Volpe, Sardella and Pais are well versed in all foot conditions, please contact us and we will have you feeling better today.

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A contracture or bending of the toe at one or both of its joints caused from an abnormal muscle balance. Treatments include padding, tapping and/or surgical management. Here is a link to the type of surgical implants for hammertoes that we use.


An enlargement of the joint at the base of the big toe that forms when the bone or tissue moves out of place. This causes swelling and a painful bump on the foot. Treatments include padding, medication, injections, orthotics and/or surgical management.

Heel Pain

A common ailment of the foot, often occurring after long periods of standing or the first step in the morning. This can be accompanied by a heel spur. Treatments include stretching, orthotics, medication, injections and occasionally surgical management.

Ankle Sprain

Rolling or twisting of the foot and ankle can lead to an ankle sprain. Ligaments, tendons or even bones can be stretched, torn or broken. Treatment for an ankle sprain can include medication, tapping, bracing and immobilization.

Broken Bone

There are 26 bones in the foot and breaking one of them can be very painful and debilitating. Treatment typically includes immobilization which can entail a walking cast or a non-weight bearing cast. X-rays are needed to confirm a break in a bone.


Gout is a very painful inflammatory condition of a joint. It can occur for several reasons, but the most common is due to increase intake of protein-laden foods. Treatments typically include medication or injections.

Diabetic Foot Care

Diabetes affects 26 million people in the USA and nearly 7 million people do not realize they have the disease. Diabetes can negatively affect the nerves and arteries in the body which can lead to slow healing ulcerations and open wounds. Diabetic foot exams are an important part of diabetes health management.


Tendonitis is a repetitive injury to the numerous tendons of the body. This is a very common injury to the foot and ankle. The large tendons of the foot and ankle like the Achilles, Posterior and Anterior Tibial tendons are often affected. Treatments include medication, immobilization and occasionally injections.

Ingrown nail

Ingrown nails, the most common nail impairment, are nails whose corners or sides dig painfully into the soft tissue of nail grooves, often leading to irritation, redness, and swelling. Treatments include removing the offending corner or side of the nail.

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